ACCESSING THE 401(K)
you race to the bank and cash-out your retirement to purchase your castle, take a few minutes to
assess the implications outlined below.
you can't take money from your 401(K) plan until you retire, leave the company
or become disabled, but many accounts permit certain “hardship withdrawals” when
there is an immediate financial need. While hardship withdrawals are allowed by
law, your employer is not required to provide them in your plan. Sometimes this
"hardship withdrawal" includes the purchase of a principal residence. If unsure
as to whether yours does, check with your employer’s human resources
drawback of liquidating in this manner is that the funds are immediately taxable
since they were saved tax free. Likely they would be taxed at your current tax
rate, but it could be higher if the fund liquidation puts your income into a
higher tax bracket. There is also a penalty, typically 10% of the funds
withdrawn. The exact amount of the penalty is spelled out in your
is borrowing against your 401(K). Often you can borrow as much as
50% of your account balance. You pay interest on the loan, and the interest is
credited back to your account. Sounds great, eh? The money you receive is not
taxable either (as long it is paid back), and there is no penalty. Most
plans offer anywhere from five to thirty years to pay the loan. In a perfect
world, it's a perfect plan!
you set this ball in motion, it is very difficult to stop so make sure you
lender has seen the account where you plan to deposit the funds BEFORE you do
it. A good broker has an eye for anything funky on a bank statement. Also,
keep a copy of ALL the paperwork. This includes applying for the liquidation,
any correspondence from the bank, any check or wire record, and the printout
from the bank showing the funds transferred into your bank account. Be in full
communication during the liquidation process so nothing gets in the way of
obtaining your new home.
Whether you're anticipating a total solar eclipse or a future home, both require preparation to get what you want out of the moment and save yourself from future headaches.
Here are two scenarios where I typically offer advice when given the time (61-90 days) to make the loan happen.
You're self-employed.; Move the money you are using for the purchase of a home to your personal account. If you have down payment in your business account, you can use it; however, the lender will want to "source" the funds in your business account(s). This means if there is anything private, like account numbers or client names in the bank statements, you may be revealing more than you desire. By having the funds transferred to your personal account more than 60 days before you go to underwriting, lenders can stay out of your business.
You're getting a gift for the down payment. If they love you enough to give you the money, perhaps they trust you enough to give that money 61 days ahead of underwriting. Of course, gifts are allowed on many loan programs if the transfer is documented and you have a gift letter; however, if the funds are already in your account for two months, the money is no longer considered a gift. This actually improves your qualifications in underwriting because a loan using your own funds for the down payment is considered a less risky than a loan with gift funds. If it is yours for 60+ days, it is no longer a gift.
As a last tip, I offer Fully Underwritten Loans WITHOUT a contract. In other words, we can turn your offer into the equivalent of a full cash offer pending the appraisal and title work. This is a powerful option at your disposal for those hard to obtain homes. Please let me know if I can help you purchase a home in Georgia.
*Eclipse photo taken near Dillon, GA on August 21,2017 using Canon Rebel T6, 300mm lens.